- 1 What is lemon myrtle?
- 2 General description of the lemon myrtle plant
- 3 How to grow lemon myrtle at home?
- 4 Useful properties of lemon myrtle
- 5 How to use lemon myrtle essential oils
- 6 Precautionary Measures
- 7 FAQ on lemon myrtle
Most of us are not familiar with lemon myrtle; it joined the family of great lemon scents in the last quarter of the 20th century. Maybe because lemon myrtle grows in the rainforests of eastern Australia. But now lemon myrtle essential oil has grown its popularity to a certain level and so we cannot ignore it any further.
Once there was a time when it was popular only in Australian region. And so many people used to call it Australian lemon myrtle. However, those days are gone. At present, it is cultivated and is grown for sale in many countries. So far, it is only paving its way to world recognition, but it has a promising future. And already Australian lemon myrtle is pretty famous all over the world.
Crumpled leaves of this plant emit a strong lemon smell. Lemon myrtle has long been an indispensable ingredient in many Australian aboriginal dishes. And now, this plant is gaining its place in the market of essential oils and spices that replace lemon.
What is lemon myrtle?
We are observing a considerable demand for lemon myrtle essential oils from different countries. But for many of us, we do not even know what is lemon myrtle. Lemon myrtle is a tree which is basically originated from Australian region. Its leaves have strong lemon smell which can easily replace original lemon and work as a flavour.
Now lemon myrtle is available outside of Australia, although not yet too widely. But this is only a matter of time. Because lemon myrtle is suitable for making lemon fish sauces and pasta. To give the lemon flavour to fried chicken, one or two leaves are placed inside the carcass. And above all of these, lemon myrtle essential oil has its own demand.
Today we will discuss each and every necessary detail of lemon myrtle and lemon myrtle essential oil so that all your confusions get cleared and you can enjoy it.
The tree can grow up to 20 meters, but grows much less in culture. Bright green leaves are opposite, oval, 5-12 cm long and 1.5-2.5 cm wide. The flowers are creamy white, 5-7mm in diameter, collected in a brush at the ends of the branches, appear in summer and bloom until autumn.
Lemon myrtle is grown commercially in Australia on the north coast of New South Wales and partially in Astonville. In small quantities, two related spices are also cultivated to obtain essential oil – anise myrtle (Backhousia anisata) and cinnamon myrtle (Backhousia myrtifolia). The botanical name Backhousia was given in 1853 in honor of the English botanist James Backhouse.
General description of the lemon myrtle plant
Lemon myrtle called Backhousia citriodora F. Muell, Lemon myrtle. Evergreen tree with fragrant shiny leaves 10 cm long and up to 5 cm wide.
It blooms with white, cream or slightly yellow flowers that bloom with tassels at the ends of the branches. Flowering may not stop all summer.
The fruits of a pollinated plant are bright juicy blueberries, which are sometimes used as a spice. If they mature, they are able to produce seeds.
The common name reflects the strong lemon scent of crushed leaves. The aborigines of Australia have long used lemon myrtle as an antibiotic. Lemon myrtle essential oil contains a lot of citral, more than lemongrass and has antimicrobial properties, but is toxic in high concentration. When diluted to a concentration of about 1%, the toxic effect disappears and the oil is used as a medicinal lotion for skin infections.
How to grow lemon myrtle at home?
Lemon myrtle does not require special care at home, however, there are a number of conditions that must be observed. The plant should be transplanted into a container with a good drainage layer filled with a substrate of deciduous humus, sand, and peat.
Do not damage the tree, carefully position the root system in a pot, sprinkle with peat. From spring to autumn, the plant should be maintained with fertilizers, but in winter this should not be done, myrtle almost does not grow at this time.
Lemon myrtle loves the sun very much, tolerates direct sunlight, so it is recommended to grow it on the windows from the south, east, west side. With good lighting, a 3-5-year-old plant begins to bloom.
In summer, the plant needs a temperature of at least 18 degrees. But myrtle loves cool, so 20-25 degrees is enough for him. In winter, you can lower the temperature even up to 10 degrees Celsius, the myrtle normally tolerates such decreases and drafts. Heating batteries or frosty air can damage it.
Active growth requires very high humidity, which must be maintained by spraying the leaves.
Myrtle needs watering almost all year round, in no case should the soil be allowed to dry out. Even during the dormant period, which lasts from 1 to 3 months, periodically moisten the soil and leaves.
Myrtle blooms in small flowers collected in inflorescences, which are located in the axils of the leaves. If the plant does not receive enough light, then you cannot wait for flowering.
When flowering, even a small draft will spread the scent around the house, for which myrtle got its name. But phytoncides secreted by flowers also destroy microbes and pathogens.
Myrtle responds well to almost all dressings, does not like lime only. So you need to fertilize it at least 1 time per week, the best option is after 2 irrigation by 3.
Myrtle is very fond of those who grow bonsai because myrtle helps to realize any fantasies. So form a low fluffy pillow or around air crown, for a year you will achieve a result, the next one will fix it.
If your young myrtle has gained strength, you can not worry – they grow remarkably. You can safely pinch fluffy trees without touching the side layers. Before you start cutting, decide what shape you want to give the tree.
Transplant a tree as needed. Young trees are best 1 time per year, and adults – 1 time in several years, when the pot becomes small for the roots.
Myrtle propagated by seeds and cuttings. However, the seeds do not guarantee the preservation of the properties of the variety, so it is best to try to grow myrtle from the cuttings.
The stem is rooted at a slope of 45 degrees, covering the ground with three buds. It remains to place the container in a dark place and water the myrtle, preventing the soil from drying out. Myrtle roots take root within a month. Then the plant can be transplanted to a permanent place.
The cut should be taken from a strong and well-growing plant. Semi-freshened layers, preferably grown in the last year, treated with root or heteroauxin and placed in a container filled with your favourite mixture of myrtle: humus foliage, turf, and sand.
- The seeds of lemon myrtle are sown in a peaty-sand mixture, cover the nursery with glass and periodically watered and aired;
- Hatch for a very long time – 2 to 3 months. And if they sprouted, everything worked out for you;
- Seedlings grow amicably and quickly;
- When they have 2 leaves, they can be planted.
Diseases and Pests
Whiteflies, thrips, ticks and many other myrtles pests can, if not destroy, then harm your myrtle.
You will defeat Shchitovka, mealybug, thrips and aphids by Actara, spraying 1 time per week for a month.
You can try Actellik, which destroys pests when in contact with it.
Pests can be destroyed by thoroughly wiping the plant to the last leaf with a cotton swab or brush dipped in alcohol tincture, calendula tincture.
Spraying on sunny days will help to easily destroy the spider mite, it is only necessary to carry out this procedure in time, preventing the spread of the tick and the death of foliage.
In winter, the leaves of the plant may begin to dry out, and then completely fall off. So myrtle was too hot. Do not panic, the plant has not died. Place it in a bright but cool place, maintain high humidity, water it.
And in the spring myrtle revives, delighting you with young shoots and beautiful foliage.
The leaves turn yellow, they also fade because water stagnated in the ground. Perhaps the roots began to die. Transplant the plant and prevent waterlogging; drainage can help the plant.
Useful properties of lemon myrtle
This lemon myrtle essential oil has the following therapeutic properties:
Buy some of the recommended products of lemon myrtle:
How to use lemon myrtle essential oils
For mental activity
Lemon myrtle essential oil has many beneficial properties for the physical body, but it is also an excellent oil for use in high mental conditions.
It has an uplifting aroma, has calming properties that helps a lot in times of stress or increased mental stress.
It can also be used before bedtime to provide a good night’s sleep – especially those who suffer from insomnia, who have become addicted to potentially dangerous pharmaceuticals.
The antiseptic and antifungal properties of lemon myrtle essential oil make it ideal for treating a number of dermatological abnormalities, including acne, psoriasis, and eczema.
It can also be used to treat herpes, warts and reduce redness.
And that’s not all, it can also be used to relieve itching and stop inflammation. Be sure to dilute lemon myrtle with vegetable oil before applying it to your skin.
For acne, most experts recommend dipping a cotton ball in clean, distilled water and then adding one drop of lemon myrtle before applying a cotton ball to the affected area.
This is a viral infection that affects the skin. It is most often found in children, but can occur at any age and is increasingly transmitted sexually by young people.
Since traditional methods of treatment are invasive and require tissue damage that is accompanied by pain, a more gentle and natural remedy is actively being sought.
A study published in 2004 demonstrated the effectiveness of Lemon Myrtle / Lemon Myrtle essential oil for treating this condition.
9 out of 16 children treated with this oil felt much better, the number of skin lesions decreased by 90% after 21 days compared with other patients. It should also be noted the absence of adverse reactions.
Diseases of the respiratory system
Lemon myrtle essential oil is gathering more and more positive reviews when it comes to complaints of respiratory illness. It helps reduce the frequency of colds and flu.
It treats problems with sinusitis and bronchitis. Effective for bacterial throat infections.
Take a hot inhalation with a few drops of lemon myrtle.
Wounds and cuts
The powerful antibacterial properties of lemon myrtle essential oil make it especially useful in treating cuts and small wounds. It can kill bacteria and inhibit further spread.
This oil can also relieve itching and irritation caused by insect bites or bites.
Inflammation and pain
Lemon myrtle essential oil can help with inflammatory processes in the body and provides effective relief of rheumatism.
Add a few drops to the base for the bath, then relax and feel the pain and discomfort disappear.
Support for the immune system
It is believed that this essential oil is able to stimulate the immune system. Numerous reviews confirm its benefit for weakened organisms that are prone to disease.
Be sure to use an ultrasonic diffuser to spray it. During the illness, you can do this all day long! You need to start with small sessions for allergy sufferers and sensitive people.
The antispasmodic properties of the lemon myrtle essential oil give it a wide range of uses when it comes to cramping.
It is known to help relieve stomach cramps or cramps due to irritation, which are the result of an adverse reaction to food.
For home and household
Due to its delicious lemon smell and its antiseptic qualities, lemon myrtle essential oil is widely used not only for body and spirit care.
It’s one smell when it dissipates in the house is able to raise the spirit and mood of the whole family and will help get rid of any lingering smells of cooking or tobacco.
You can also use this oil to clean your home, especially in places subject to bacterial congestion, such as in the kitchen or in the bathroom.
Just mix a few drops with clean water, then wipe your surfaces or any corners containing long-forgotten dirt.
For relaxing and sense of harmony
To make a soothing and aromatic massage blend, simply dilute the lemon myrtle in the required amounts using your carrier oil (such as the V-6 vegetable oil complex).
Add a few drops with the base to a warm bath for even more relaxing relaxation.
Before going to bed, use an ultrasonic diffuse to make your sleep more calm and deep.
- There is no information about any specific contraindications.
- Lemon myrtle essential oil is considered safe and non-toxic.
- Pregnant and breast-feeding women should use after consulting their doctor.
- Before copious lubrication of the skin, it is necessary to test its reaction, for which start with very small volumes with copious dilution with a carrier oil.
- It may be photosensitive, and it is recommended to avoid exposure to direct sunlight for at least 48 hours after applying it to the skin.
- Use with great care on animals (minimum amount, preferably diluted).
Now you may ask us where can you buy lemon myrtle? The answer is simple. Lemon myrtle and lemon essential oils are gaining popularity hugely. So, most of the popular products are available on Amazon itself.
Here we are representing some of them so that you can find them easily.
I hope now you have a clear idea of lemon myrtle and lemon myrtle essential oils. We have also added some FAQ for further query. I hope you would use it.
FAQ on lemon myrtle
1. Are lemon myrtle leaves edible?
2. Are lemon myrtle invasive?
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